More and more we interact with bots - small apps - with minimal 'Artificial Intelligence' sitting on a network somewhere that respond to our actions with some sort of intelligent response. Think about call centres with press 1 for ..., press 2 for ...; or intelligent downloads, or on-line stores which can 'direct us' to products we may like and take our money, or even very clever viruses.
In 1950 Alan Turing devised a simple test to determine whether a computer could be said to be 'intelligent' and is the forrunner for which of the philosophy behind artificial intelligence. The test devised by Turing caused a lot of philosophical dissent : from people saying it was too broad or too narrow, too simple or too complex. Some claimed the term 'intelligence' could not be applied without some form of 'self-awareness'. The brighter sparks said the test was useless as using it would 'fail' some (over 50%) people so.